References for evidence synthesis techniques not covered by GetReal

Aggregate data from RCTs only

• Borenstein, Michael, Larry V. Hedges, Julian P. T. Higgins, and Hannah R. Rothstein. “A Basic Introduction to Fixed-Effect and Random-Effects Models for Meta-Analysis.” Research Synthesis Methods 1, no. 2 (April 2010): 97–111. doi:10.1002/jrsm.12.
• Efthimiou, Orestis, Thomas P. A. Debray, Gert van Valkenhoef, Sven Trelle, Klea Panayidou, Karel G. M. Moons, Johannes B. Reitsma, Aijing Shang, Georgia Salanti, and GetReal Methods Review Group. “GetReal in Network Meta-Analysis: A Review of the Methodology.” Research Synthesis Methods, January 11, 2016. doi:10.1002/jrsm.1195.

Both aggregate and individual participant data from RCTs

• Debray, Thomas P. A., Karel G. M. Moons, Gert van Valkenhoef, Orestis Efthimiou, Noemi Hummel, Rolf H. H. Groenwold, Johannes B. Reitsma, and GetReal methods review group. “Get Real in Individual Participant Data (IPD) Meta-Analysis: A Review of the Methodology.” Research Synthesis Methods 6 (August 19, 2015): 239–309. doi:10.1002/jrsm.1160.
• Efthimiou, Orestis, Thomas P. A. Debray, Gert van Valkenhoef, Sven Trelle, Klea Panayidou, Karel G. M. Moons, Johannes B. Reitsma, Aijing Shang, Georgia Salanti, and GetReal Methods Review Group. “GetReal in Network Meta-Analysis: A Review of the Methodology.” Research Synthesis Methods, January 11, 2016. doi:10.1002/jrsm.1195.
• Donegan, Sarah, Paula Williamson, Umberto D’Alessandro, Paul Garner, and Catrin Tudur Smith. “Combining Individual Patient Data and Aggregate Data in Mixed Treatment Comparison Meta-Analysis: Individual Patient Data May Be Beneficial If Only for a Subset of Trials.” Statistics in Medicine 32, no. 6 (March 15, 2013): 914–30. doi:10.1002/sim.5584.
• Jansen, Jeroen P. “Network Meta-Analysis of Individual and Aggregate Level Data.” Research Synthesis Methods 3, no. 2 (June 2012): 177–90. doi:10.1002/jrsm.1048.
• Thom, Howard H. Z., Gorana Capkun, Annamaria Cerulli, Richard M. Nixon, and Luke S. Howard. “Network Meta-Analysis Combining Individual Patient and Aggregate Data from a Mixture of Study Designs with an Application to Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension.” BMC Medical Research Methodology 15 (2015): 34. doi:10.1186/s12874-015-0007-0.
• Riley, Richard D., Paul C. Lambert, Jan A. Staessen, Jiguang Wang, Francois Gueyffier, Lutgarde Thijs, and Florent Boutitie. “Meta-Analysis of Continuous Outcomes Combining Individual Patient Data and Aggregate Data.” Statistics in Medicine 27, no. 11 (May 20, 2008): 1870–93. doi:10.1002/sim.3165.
• Riley, Richard D., Mark C. Simmonds, and Maxime P. Look. “Evidence Synthesis Combining Individual Patient Data and Aggregate Data: A Systematic Review Identified Current Practice and Possible Methods.” Journal of Clinical Epidemiology 60, no. 5 (May 2007): 431.e1–431.e12. doi:10.1016/j.jclinepi.2006.09.009.
• Riley, Richard D., and Ewout W. Steyerberg. “Meta-Analysis of a Binary Outcome Using Individual Participant Data and Aggregate Data.” Research Synthesis Methods 1, no. 1 (January 2010): 2–19. doi:10.1002/jrsm.4.

Aggregate data from real-world data (with or without RCT data)

• Sutton, A. J., and K. R. Abrams. “Bayesian Methods in Meta-Analysis and Evidence Synthesis.” Statistical Methods in Medical Research 10, no. 4 (August 2001): 277–303. doi:10.1177/096228020101000404.
• Higgins, Julian PT, Craig Ramsay, Barnaby C Reeves, Jonathan J Deeks, Beverley Shea, Jeffrey C Valentine, Peter Tugwell, and George Wells. “Issues Relating to Study Design and Risk of Bias When Including Non-Randomised Studies in Systematic Reviews on the Effects of Interventions.” Research Synthesis Methods 4, no. 1 (March 2013): 12–25. doi:10.1002/jrsm.1056.
• Reeves, Barnaby C., Julian P. T. Higgins, Craig Ramsay, Beverley Shea, Peter Tugwell, and George A. Wells. “An Introduction to Methodological Issues When Including Non-Randomised Studies in Systematic Reviews on the Effects of Interventions.” Research Synthesis Methods 4, no. 1 (March 2013): 1–11. doi:10.1002/jrsm.1068.
• Schmitz, Susanne, Roisin Adams, and Cathal Walsh. “Incorporating Data from Various Trial Designs into a Mixed Treatment Comparison Model.” Statistics in Medicine 32, no. 17 (July 30, 2013): 2935–49. doi:10.1002/sim.5764.
• Verde, Pablo E., and Christian Ohmann. “Combining Randomized and Non-Randomized Evidence in Clinical Research: A Review of Methods and Applications.” Research Synthesis Methods 6, no. 1 (March 2015): 45–62. doi:10.1002/jrsm.1122.
• Verde, Pablo E., Christian Ohmann, Stephan Morbach, and Andrea Icks. “Bayesian Evidence Synthesis for Exploring Generalizability of Treatment Effects: A Case Study of Combining Randomized and Non-Randomized Results in Diabetes.” Statistics in Medicine, November 22, 2015. doi:10.1002/sim.6809.

Individual participant data from real-world data (with or without RCT data)

• Debray, Thomas P. A., Karel G. M. Moons, Gert van Valkenhoef, Orestis Efthimiou, Noemi Hummel, Rolf H. H. Groenwold, Johannes B. Reitsma, and GetReal methods review group. “Get Real in Individual Participant Data (IPD) Meta-Analysis: A Review of the Methodology.” Research Synthesis Methods 6 (August 19, 2015): 239–309. doi:10.1002/jrsm.1160.
• Verde, Pablo E., and Christian Ohmann. “Combining Randomized and Non-Randomized Evidence in Clinical Research: A Review of Methods and Applications.” Research Synthesis Methods 6, no. 1 (March 2015): 45–62. doi:10.1002/jrsm.1122.
• Verde, Pablo E., Christian Ohmann, Stephan Morbach, and Andrea Icks. “Bayesian Evidence Synthesis for Exploring Generalizability of Treatment Effects: A Case Study of Combining Randomized and Non-Randomized Results in Diabetes.” Statistics in Medicine, November 22, 2015. doi:10.1002/sim.6809.